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The Introduction Of Global Track Gauge

Jul. 09, 2021

In 1825, George Stephenson, inventor of the first passenger train, chose a track gauge of 1,435 mm. While this spacing between the rails has become the norm in many countries, it has since been modified in some areas for military reasons, making it too expensive to standardise the railway systems again. Thus, track gauges across the world vary considerably: 1,000 mm in South America and parts of Africa, 1,067 mm in southern Africa, 1,520 mm in Russia and Eastern Europe, 1,668 mm in Spain and Ireland…

Country Broad Gauge Standard Gauge Narrow Gauge
Albania
1,435 mm1,055 mm
Algheria
1,432 mm1,067 mm, 600 mm
Angola

1,000 mm, 750 mm
Argentina1,676 mm1,435 mm
Armenia1,520 mm

Australia1,600 mm1,435 mm1,067 mm
Austria
1,435 mm
Azerbaijan1,520 mm
1,000 mm
Bangladesh1,676 mm

Belarus1,520 mm1,435mm
Belgium
1,435mm1,000 mm
Benin

1,000 mm
Bolivia

1,000 mm
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1,435 mm
Botswana

1,067 mm
Brazil1,600 mm
1,000mm
Bulgaria

760mm
Burkina Faso

1,000mm
Cambodia

1,000mm
Canada
1,435 mm
Chile1,676mm
1,000mm
China1,520 mm1,435 mm1,000 mm, 762 mm
Christmas island
1,435 mm
Colombia
1,435 mm914 mm
Costa Rica

1,067 mm
Croatia
1,435 mm
Cuba
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Czech Republic
1,435 mm760 mm
Democratic Republic Of the Congo

1,067 mm
Denmark
1,435 mm
Djibouti

1,000 mm
Dominican Republic
1,435 mm762 mm
Ecuador 

1,067 mm
Egypt
1,435 mm
El Salvador 

914 mm
Eritrea

950 mm
Estonia 1,520 mm 1,524 mm

Ethiopia

1,000 mm
Fiji

600 mm
Finland1,524 mm

France
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Gabon
1,435 mm
Georgia1,520 mm
912 mm
Germany
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Ghana

1,067 mm
Greece

1,000 mm , 750 mm
Guatemala

914 mm
Guinea

1,000 mm
Honduras

 1,067 mm , 1,057 mm
Hungary1,524 mm1,435 mm760 mm
India1,676 mm
 1,000 mm , 762 mm
Indonesia

1,067 mm
Iran1,676 mm1,435 mm
Iraq
1,435 mm
Ireland1,600 mm
914 mm
Isle Of Man

 1,076 mm , 914 mm
Israel
1,435 mm
Italy
1,435 mm1,000 mm , 950 mm
Ivory Coast

1,000 mm
Janpan

1,372 mm , 1,067 mm , 762 mm
Jordan
1,435 mm 1,050 mm
Kazakhstan1,520 mm

Kenya

 1,000 mm
Kosovo
1,435 mm
Kyrgyzstan1,520 mm

Latvia1,520 mm
750 mm
Lebanon
1,435 mm1,050 mm
Liberia
1,435 mm1,067 mm
Liechtenstein
1,435 mm
Lithuania1,520 mm1,435 mm
Luxembourg
1,435 mm
Macedonia
1,435 mm
Madagascar

1,000 mm
Malawi

1,067 mm
Malaysia
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Mali

1,000mm
Mauritania
1,435 mm
Mexico
1,435 mm
Moldova1,520 mm1,435 mm
Mongolia1,520 mm

Montenegro
1,435 mm
Morocco
1,435 mm
Mozambique

 1,067 mm
Myanmar

1,000 mm
Namibia

 1,067 mm
Nepal

 762 mm
Netherlands
1,435 mm
New Zealand

 1,067 mm
Nigeria
1,435 mm 1,067 mm
North Korea
1,435 mm
Norway
1,435 mm
Pakistan1,676 mm
 1,000 mm
Panama
1,435 mm
Paraguay
1,435 mm
Peru
1,435 mm 914 mm
Philippines

 1,067 mm
Poland1,524 mm1,435 mm
Portugal1,668 mm
1,000 mm
Republic of the Congo

 1,067 mm
Romania1,524 mm1,435 mm 760 mm
Russia1,520 mm
 1,067 mm
Saint Kitts and Nevis

 762 mm
Saudi Arabia
1,435 mm
Senegal

 1,000 mm
Serbia
1,435 mm
Slovakia1,520mm1,435 mm1,000 mm
Slovenia
1,435 mm
South Africa
1,435 mm 1,065 mm
South Korea
1,435 mm
Spain1,668 mm1,435 mm 1,000 mm 914 mm
Sri Lanka1,676 mm

Sudan

 1,067 mm 600 mm
Swaziland

1,067 mm
Sweden
1,435 mm891 mm
Switzerland
1,435 mm1,200 mm 1,000 mm 800 mm
Syria
1,435 mm 1,050 mm
Taiwan
1,435 mm 1,067 mm 762 mm
Tajikistan1,520 mm

Tanzania

 1,067 mm 1,000 mm
Thailand
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Togo

1,000mm
Tunisia
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Turkey
1,435 mm
Turkmenistan1,520 mm

Uganda

1,067 mm
Ukraine1,524 mm1,435 mm
United Kingdom1,600 mm1,435 mm
United States
1,435 mm
Uruguay
1,435mm
Uzbekistan1,520 mm

Venezuela
1,435 mm
Vietnam
1,435 mm1,000 mm
Zambia

1,067 mm
Zimbabwe

1,067 mm


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